New Hantavirus in China first death recorded
Is China Hantavirus Worth Afraid of?

Hantavirus


MOSCOW, Mar 25 - RIA News. Against the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic, a threatening message came from China about the death of a person from the hantavirus, which some sources have dubbed the "new Chinese virus."
This is not even a virus, but a group of viruses, which today is pretty well studied. Hantaviruses cause severe and sometimes fatal respiratory infections, as well as hemorrhagic fever, sometimes accompanied by impaired renal function.

The carriers of the disease are rodents, and the virus enters a person through their bites or in contact with their urine and feces. There is evidence that the virus is also present in the urine and feces of a sick person, but it is not transmitted by airborne droplets from person to person. 

The virus has geographical varieties and is characteristic mainly for warm regions. As for Russia, in our country hantaviruses have been known for over 70 years. One of them, the causative agent of Korean hemorrhagic fever, was detected in the Khabarovsk Territory in the 1970s, and in 2008 four cases of hantavirus infection were recorded in the Krasnodar Territory. In 2007, the chief state sanitary doctor issued a special decree "On measures to prevent human diseases with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome."

 This is not much, but mortality from hantavirus pulmonary fever is very high - 30-40 percent. Mortality from hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, and this is how hantavirus most often manifests itself in Europe and Asia, is significantly lower - from one to 15 percent. American scientists note that in almost all cases, infection occurs when people breathe in vapors that excrete rodent excrement. No cases of hantavirus transmission from person to person have been reported.

The main safety measures are hygiene and personal protective equipment when in rooms infested with mice. There is an assumption that people can get the virus through food contaminated with urine, droppings, or rodent saliva, and in rare cases, when they bite an2 infected animal.

In the United States and Canada in 2017, there was an outbreak of hantavirus in 11 states, which killed 17 people.  Most patients, according to the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, show symptoms such as fever, bleeding, and kidney damage. Since 2008, China has introduced hantavirus vaccination programs in selected regions and high-risk groups.

In a commentary to RIA Novosti, Academician Viktor Maleev, 

Advisor to the Director of Research at the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor, notes: “Hantavirus is a well-known, studied virus. You should not be afraid of it, but you need to be careful with it. This pathogen is transmitted from mice, products of their vital activity and it affects platelets. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome develops from it. It can be transmitted from person to person, but this happens extremely rarely.

For example, if you transfuse blood from a sick person to a healthy person. "

  • New hantavirus in China: first death recorded
Hantavirus


A fatal case was detected in a man from the Chinese province of Yunnan

The first person infected with the new hantavirus has died in China. It is reported by RBC-Ukraine, referring to the China Global Times.

A fatal case was detected in a man from the Chinese province of Yunnan, who died when he returned to work on a bus.

The Chinese authorities also checked 32 other passengers who were riding the same bus as the deceased to check if they were infected.

Add, a person can become infected with hantaviruses from various rodents. Several viruses in the orthochantavirus group can cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. In the initial stages, the disease is manifested by colds (cough, fever, shortness of breath), drowsiness. Against this background, pulmonary edema and severe respiratory failure can develop sharply. Even with timely intensive care, the risk of death with this infection reaches 36%.


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